Study Guide 74-409

What is the exam 74-409?

74-409 is the new exam from Microsoft that replaces 70-659: Server 2008 R2, Server Virtualization .When you pass the exam 74-409 you complete the requirements for the Microsoft Certified Specialist: Server Virtualization with Hyper-V and System Center.

There are 45 questions and two sections in the exam. Test questions are almost 80% , drag-and-drop is 20%. In the drag-and-drop section you have to provide a real solution for corporate task.

For example, Contoso have 2 Hyper-V hosts with Server 2012 R2 installed. IT department plans to implement Virtual Fibre Channel into VM1. Which four actions should you do to complete this task? Then you must choose answers, using drag-and-drop, in the correct order.  Additional information you can get here

What should I know to successfully pass exam?

Before you start your preparation for exam, it’s very important to understand what’s new in the R2 versions

What’s new in Hyper-V Server 2012 R2

What’s new in Failover Clustering in Server 2012 R2

What’s new in VMM 2012 R2

What’s new in DPM 2012 R2

What’s new in SCOM 2012 R2

Then you have to review all article, provided below. Try to remember all requirements for features and how they are deploying, including Powershell methods.

Configure Hyper-V (35-40%)

  • Create and configure virtual machine settings

Dynamic Memory:;

Resource Metering:

Hyper-V Integration Services:

Guest Integration Services (new “guest service” in 2012 R2):

Smart Paging:

VM Generations:

Extended session mode:

  • Create and configure virtual machine storage


Online resizing VHDX:

Snapshots: snapshots are now “checkpoints” and if you are using 2012/R2 you CAN delete snapshot while VM is running. Merge process will start at the background. You now don’t have to shutdown VM! Powershell cmdlet is Checkpoint-VM

Diff Disks:

Path-through disks:

Virtual Fibre Channel:
Storage QoS:

  • Create and configure virtual networks

Virtual Switches:

Network QoS: NOTE: you cannot use QoS for incoming traffic! Only for outbound!

Nic Teaming: main diff between 2012 and R2 is Microsoft has added new balancing method called “Dynamic”. For hyper-v it’s recommended  using Switch Independent + Dynamic. See more info here

Network Isolation: VLAN and PVLANs

Configure and Manage Virtual Machine High Availability (15-20%)

  • Configure failover clustering with Hyper-V

Cluster Shared Volumes:


Cluster Networking:

СAU Updating:

Active Directory-Detached Cluster:

Deploy Hyper-V Cluster:

  • Manage failover clustering roles


Scale-Out/File Shares:

VM Monitoring:

Cluster settings: I would recommend to review cmdlets Get-Cluster|fl * and Get-ClusterGroup –Name “cluster name”|fl *

  • Manage virtual machine movement

Live Migration:

Quick Migration:  main diff between live migration and quick migration – saved state. Quick migration performs save VM and then move it to another host with a little downtime. During process ‘Save VM” hyper-v is saving memory to shared disk (if cluster) , unattaching vm from host and re-attaching vm to another host.

Export VM:

Import VM:

Network health protection:

Drain on shutdown:

P2V: + (very important!)


VMs to Cloud:

Implement a Server Virtualization Infrastructure (35-40%)

  • Implement virtualization hosts

Host Resource optimization:

VMM Library:

Add hosts to VMM:

Self-service :

Integrate third-party virtualization:

Bare Metal :

  • Implement virtual machines

Adding VM to VMM:

Placement rules:

VM templates:

Shared VHDX:

Placement rules (cluster):

  • Implement virtualization networking

VMM Logical Networks:;

Networking in VMM: POSTER

Windows Server Gateway:

Network isolation VMM: ;

Network virtualization:

Converged networks:

  • Implement virtualization storage



Online resizing:


  • Manage and maintain a server virtualization infrastructure

Dynamic Optimization:

SCOM Integration:



Monitor and Maintain a Server Virtualization Infrastructure (15-20%)

  • Plan and implement a monitoring strategy


Global Service Monitor:

AD Monitoring: (refer MP Guide)

APP Monitoring:

  • Plan and implement a business continuity and disaster recovery solution

Clone AD:

Hyper-V Replica:

Recycle Bin:

DPM Planning:


AD Backup:


UPDATE (21.06.2014): I found an interesting guide in PDF format from Veeam and Orin Thomas. Download here

TIP: specific course for this exam is available on MVA (subtitles are included!)

TIP: Voucher for 50% off (updated 02/10/15: no vouchers for now. but second shot is back!)

TIP: Exam Voucher (updated 03/04: vouchers are no longer available but you can get 15% off ~not available)

TIP: To practice you can use virtual labs 

I hope you enjoy this post. Wish you get luck on the exam!