Automate SCOM 2016 installation with PowerShell

This blog post demonstrates how to automate installation of SCOM 2016 and its requirements using PowerShell. If you’d like, you can also use it partly to install just software prerequisites or service accounts.

My demo lab is configured in the following way:

  • SCOM Server –  VM with up to 8Gb RAM, 4vCPU, Windows Server 2016
  • SCOM VMs has an Internet Connection (to get Report Viewer/Runtime)
  • SQL Server – VM with up to 4Gb RAM. Windows Server 2016
  • Database Services, Full Text and Reporting Services – Native were installed on the SQL Server VM.
  • These machines are also joined to the same domain
  • SCOM media copied to the <systemdrive>\SCOM2016
  • I checked the script using my domain administrator account
  • Download link is available at the bottom
What does the script do?
  • Downloads and installs Report Viewer Controls and required Runtime
New-Item $env:systemdrive\SCOM2016Reqs -ItemType Directory
Invoke-WebRequest http://download.microsoft.com/download/A/1/2/A129F694-233C-4C7C-860F-F73139CF2E01/ENU/x86/ReportViewer.msi -OutFile $env:systemdrive\SCOM2016Reqs\ReportViewer.msi
Invoke-WebRequest http://download.microsoft.com/download/F/E/E/FEE62C90-E5A9-4746-8478-11980609E5C2/ENU/x64/SQLSysClrTypes.msi -OutFile $env:systemdrive\SCOM2016Reqs\SQLSysClrTypes.msi
Start-Process "$env:systemdrive\SCOM2016Reqs\SQLSysClrTypes.msi" /qn -Wait
Start-Process "$env:systemdrive\SCOM2016Reqs\ReportViewer.msi" /quiet -Wait
Write-Host "The Report Viewer Controls and Runtime have been installed" -ForegroundColor DarkCyan
  • Creates required service accounts, SCOM administrator group in the specified OU and configures required permissions (local admin rights for the SCOM admin group)
Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-AD-PowerShell
$adcn=(Get-ADDomain).DistinguishedName
$dname=(Get-ADDomain).Name
New-AdUser SCOM-AccessAccount -SamAccountName scom.aa -AccountPassword (ConvertTo-SecureString -AsPlainText $svcpass -Force) -PasswordNeverExpires $true -Enabled $true -Path "OU=$ouname,$adcn"
New-AdUser SCOM-DataWareHouse-Reader -SamAccountName scom.dwr -AccountPassword (ConvertTo-SecureString -AsPlainText $svcpass -Force) -PasswordNeverExpires $true -Enabled $true -Path "OU=$ouname,$adcn"
New-AdUser SCOM-DataWareHouse-Write -SamAccountName scom.dww -AccountPassword (ConvertTo-SecureString -AsPlainText $svcpass -Force) -PasswordNeverExpires $true -Enabled $true -Path "OU=$ouname,$adcn"
New-AdUser SCOM-Server-Action -SamAccountName scom.sa -AccountPassword (ConvertTo-SecureString -AsPlainText $svcpass -Force) -PasswordNeverExpires $true -Enabled $true -Path "OU=$ouname,$adcn"
New-AdGroup -Name SCOM-Admins -GroupScope Global -GroupCategory Security -Path "OU=$ouname,$adcn"
Add-AdGroupMember SCOM-Admins scom.aa,scom.dwr,scom.dww,scom.sa
Add-LocalGroupMember -Member $dname\SCOM-Admins -Group Administrators
#SQL Server service accounts (SQLSSRS is a service reporting services account)
New-AdUser SQLSVC -SamAccountName sqlsvc -AccountPassword (ConvertTo-SecureString -AsPlainText $svcpass -Force) -PasswordNeverExpires $true -Enabled $true -Path "OU=$ouname,$adcn"
New-AdUser SQLSSRS -SamAccountName sqlssrs -AccountPassword (ConvertTo-SecureString -AsPlainText $svcpass -Force) -PasswordNeverExpires $true -Enabled $true -Path "OU=$ouname,$adcn"
Write-Host "The service Accounts and SCOM-Admins group have been added to OU=$ouname,$adcn" -ForegroundColor DarkCyan

  • Configures SQL Server by creating required Windows Firewall rules and adding SCOM-Admins group to the administrators on the server
$secpasswd = ConvertTo-SecureString $sqlpass -AsPlainText -Force
$cred = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential ("$dname\$sqluser", $secpasswd)
$psrem = New-PSSession -ComputerName $sqlsrv -Credential $cred
Invoke-Command -Session $psrem -ScriptBlock{
Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-AD-Powershell
Set-NetFirewallRule -Name WMI-WINMGMT-In-TCP -Enabled True
New-NetFirewallRule -Name "SQL DB" -DisplayName "SQL Database" -Profile Domain -Direction Inbound -LocalPort 1433 -Protocol TCP -Action Allow
New-NetFirewallRule -Name "SQL Server Admin Connection" -DisplayName "SQL Admin Connection" -Profile Domain -Direction Inbound -LocalPort 1433 -Protocol TCP -Action Allow
New-NetFirewallRule -Name "SQL Browser" -DisplayName "SQL Browser" -Profile Domain -Direction Inbound -LocalPort 1434 -Protocol UDP -Action Allow
New-NetFirewallRule -Name "SQL SRRS (HTTP)" -DisplayName "SQL SRRS (HTTP)" -Profile Domain -Direction Inbound -LocalPort 80 -Protocol TCP -Action Allow
New-NetFirewallRule -Name "SQL SRRS (SSL)" -DisplayName "SQL SRRS (SSL)" -Profile Domain -Direction Inbound -LocalPort 443 -Protocol TCP -Action Allow
New-NetFirewallRule -Name "SQL Instance Custom Port" -DisplayName "SQL Instance Custom Port" -Profile Domain -Direction Inbound -LocalPort $sqlserverport -Protocol TCP -Action Allow
New-NetFirewallRule -Name "SQL Server 445" -DisplayName "SQL Server 445" -Profile Domain -Direction Inbound -LocalPort 445 -Protocol TCP -Action Allow
New-NetFirewallRule -Name "SQL Server 135" -DisplayName "SQL Server 135" -Profile Domain -Direction Inbound -LocalPort 135 -Protocol TCP -Action Allow
Add-LocalGroupMember -Member $arg[0]\SCOM-Admins -Group Administrators} -ArgumentList $dname
Write-Host "The SQL Server $sqlsrv has been configured" -ForegroundColor DarkCyan
  • Installs Web Console prerequisites (ISS and so on)
Install-WindowsFeature NET-WCF-HTTP-Activation45,Web-Static-Content,Web-Default-Doc,Web-Dir-Browsing,Web-Http-Errors, `
Web-Http-Logging,Web-Request-Monitor,Web-Filtering,Web-Stat-Compression,Web-Mgmt-Console,Web-Metabase,Web-Asp-Net,Web-Windows-Auth
Write-Host "The Web Console prerequisites have been installed" -ForegroundColor DarkCyan
  • Installs the SCOM Server (OMServer, OMConsole and OMWebConsole).
$arglist= @("/install /components:OMServer,OMConsole,OMWebConsole /ManagementGroupName:$mgmtgroup /SqlServerInstance:$sqlsrv\$sqlinstancename /SqlInstancePort:$sqlserverport",
"/DatabaseName:OperationsManager /DWSqlServerInstance:$sqlsrv\$sqlinstancename /DWDatabaseName:OperationsManagerDW /ActionAccountUser:$dname\scom.sa",
"/ActionAccountPassword:$svcpass /DASAccountUser:$dname\scom.aa /DASAccountPassword:$svcpass /DataReaderUser:$dname\scom.dwr",
"/DataReaderPassword:$svcpass /DataWriterUser:$dname\scom.dww /DataWriterPassword:$svcpass /WebSiteName:""Default Web Site""",
'/WebConsoleAuthorizationMode:Mixed /EnableErrorReporting:Always /SendCEIPReports:1 /UseMicrosoftUpdate:1 /AcceptEndUserLicenseAgreement:1 /silent')
Start-Process -FilePath $env:systemdrive\SCOM2016\setup.exe -ArgumentList $arglist -Wait
Write-Host "The SCOM has been installed. Don't forget to license SCOM" -ForegroundColor DarkCyan
  • Once SCOM is installed, verify installation logs located at  <username>\AppData\Local\SCOM\LOGS\OpsMgrSetupWizard.txt .
    Additionally, don’t forget to set a valid SCOM 2016 product key by using the  Set-SCOMLicense –ProductId <key>

scom16_installation

That’s it. Just run the script, provide values for SQL Server connection/credentials and etc and wait until the SCOM installation is complete.

I uploaded the script, so feel free to use it (please mention my blog once you shared the script or part of it. Let’s respect each other!)

DOWNLOAD THE SCRIPT

FIX: VMM won’t start, error 1067

I’ve recently configured VMM in the restricted environment where you always need to ask IT staff to delegate rights for service and install accounts in order to make SQL Server and VMM Server working. The requirements for DKM container or SPN registration are described at many sites, blogs including official Microsoft docs, but I  faced with a new problem just after VMM installation.

I couldn’t start VMM service. Checked SQL Server services and communication from VMM Server, VMM database properties  and etc…and did not find any unusual or wrong in my configuration. I went then to the VMMLogs and reviewed the report generated after the VMM service start attempt and found interesting strings:

System.AggregateException: One or more errors occurred.—> Microsoft.VirtualManager.DB.CarmineSqlException: The SQL Server service account does not have permission to access Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS).
Ensure that the SQL Server service is running under a domain account or a computer account that has permission to access AD DS.

The following steps helped me to resolve the error:

  • Open Active Directory Users and Computers
  • Expand Builtin container and locate Windows Authorization Access Group
  • Add SQL Service account to the Windows Authorization Access Group
  • Start SCVMMService

or use PowerShell (RSAT-AD-Tools are required):

Add-ADGroupMember sqlsvc -Members “Windows Authorization Access”

Start-Service scvmmservice