What is the exam 74-409?
74-409 is the new exam from Microsoft that replaces 70-659: Server 2008 R2, Server Virtualization .When you pass the exam 74-409 you complete the requirements for the Microsoft Certified Specialist: Server Virtualization with Hyper-V and System Center.
There are 45 questions and two sections in the exam. Test questions are almost 80% , drag-and-drop is 20%. In the drag-and-drop section you have to provide a real solution for corporate task.
For example, Contoso have 2 Hyper-V hosts with Server 2012 R2 installed. IT department plans to implement Virtual Fibre Channel into VM1. Which four actions should you do to complete this task? Then you must choose answers, using drag-and-drop, in the correct order. Additional information you can get here
What should I know to successfully pass exam?
Before you start your preparation for exam, it’s very important to understand what’s new in the R2 versions
Then you have to review all article, provided below. Try to remember all requirements for features and how they are deploying, including Powershell methods.
Configure Hyper-V (35-40%)
Create and configure virtual machine settings
Guest Integration Services (new “guest service” in 2012 R2):http://blogs.technet.com/b/keithmayer/archive/2013/11/22/why-r2-guest-services-in-windows-server-2012-r2-hyper-v.aspx#.Uzq7Tvl_ufI
Extended session mode: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn282274.aspx
Create and configure virtual machine storage
Online resizing VHDX: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn282286.aspx
Snapshots: snapshots are now “checkpoints” and if you are using 2012/R2 you CAN delete snapshot while VM is running. Merge process will start at the background. You now don’t have to shutdown VM! Powershell cmdlet is Checkpoint-VM
Virtual Fibre Channel: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn551169.aspx
Storage QoS: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn282281.aspx
Create and configure virtual networks
Network QoS: http://www.petri.co.il/configure-qos-quality-of-service-rules-windows-server-2012.htm NOTE: you cannot use QoS for incoming traffic! Only for outbound!
Nic Teaming: main diff between 2012 and R2 is Microsoft has added new balancing method called “Dynamic”. For hyper-v it’s recommended using Switch Independent + Dynamic. See more info here
Network Isolation: VLAN and PVLANs http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj679878.aspx#bkmk_pvlan
Configure and Manage Virtual Machine High Availability (15-20%)
Configure failover clustering with Hyper-V
Cluster Shared Volumes: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj612868.aspx
Cluster Networking: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn550728.aspx
СAU Updating: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh831694.aspx
Active Directory-Detached Cluster: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn265970.aspx
Deploy Hyper-V Cluster: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj863389.aspx
Manage failover clustering roles
Cluster settings: I would recommend to review cmdlets Get-Cluster|fl * and Get-ClusterGroup –Name “cluster name”|fl *
Manage virtual machine movement
Live Migration: http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/library/hh831435.aspx
Quick Migration: main diff between live migration and quick migration – saved state. Quick migration performs save VM and then move it to another host with a little downtime. During process ‘Save VM” hyper-v is saving memory to shared disk (if cluster) , unattaching vm from host and re-attaching vm to another host.
Network health protection: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn265972.aspx#BKMK_VMHealth
Drain on shutdown: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn265972.aspx#BKMK_VMDrain
Implement a Server Virtualization Infrastructure (35-40%)
Implement virtualization hosts
Host Resource optimization: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg675109.aspx
Add hosts to VMM: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg610671.aspx
Self-service : http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg610573.aspx
Integrate third-party virtualization: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg610687.aspx
Implement virtual machines
Adding VM to VMM: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh368991.aspx
Placement rules: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh368991.aspx
VM templates: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh368987.aspx
Implement virtualization networking
Windows Server Gateway: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn313101.aspx
Network isolation VMM: http://blogs.technet.com/b/scvmm/archive/2013/06/04/logical-networks-part-iv-pvlan-isolation.aspx ; http://blogs.technet.com/b/scvmm/archive/2013/05/22/logical-networks-part-iii-network-isolation.aspx
Implement virtualization storage
Manage and maintain a server virtualization infrastructure
Dynamic Optimization: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg675109.aspx
SCOM Integration: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh427287.aspx
Monitor and Maintain a Server Virtualization Infrastructure (15-20%)
Plan and implement a monitoring strategy
Global Service Monitor: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj860368.aspx
AD Monitoring: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=21357 (refer MP Guide)
Plan and implement a business continuity and disaster recovery solution
Hyper-V Replica: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj134172.aspx
DPM Planning: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh758140.aspx
UPDATE (21.06.2014): I found an interesting guide in PDF format from Veeam and Orin Thomas. Download here
TIP: specific course for this exam is available on MVA (subtitles are included!)
TIP: To practice you can use virtual labs
I hope you enjoy this post. Wish you get luck on the exam!