Speaking at Global Azure Bootcamp Russia

I am happy to announce that I will be speaking at Global Azure Bootcamp Russia. Global Azure Bootcamps are events organized by user groups/MVPs all around the world to spread the word and experience about Azure and Cloud Computing. The event will take place on April, 27th at the Microsoft’s office in Moscow, and also be broadcasted via Russian MVP Community channel . I will present a one session focusing on the Infrastructure as Code with Terraform on Azure, another part of the session will be about Azure ARM templates and be presented by my colleague (Alexey Baltikov).

We, me and a whole Russian MVP Community, will be glad to see you all at this event! It’s a great chance to gain new knowledge!
Global Azure Bootcamp Russia 2019
Title/Date: 27th April, 1:20 pm (40 min) : Развёртывание инфраструктуры Azure с использованием ARM шаблонов и Terraform (Deployment of Infrastructure as Code with Azure ARM templates and Terraform)

Building Windows images with Packer

Hi, folks!

Sometimes you need to create a base or custom image to use one in any kind of automated deployments (CD pipelines, Dev, QA  and etc.) in cloud or on-premises environments. Then, you might start searching for a good solution to make your task easier. Built-in sysprep?  Well, it’s a classic way for Windows without any additional functionality that might be required especially for clouds. So, what can be used for such task?  Definitely, Packer from HashiCorp would be one of the best tool. It allows you to build your custom image from Marketplace image (as for example) and place that image to the Azure Images for further usage.

In the JSON-example below, Packer uses provided options for authentication (variable section) and passes them to the Azure Resource Manager builder section. Packer supports a bunch of builders such as Azure, Hyper-V, VMware or AWS . In my case, Packer uses Azure RM and it’s Windows Server 2019-Datacenter marketplace image, creates a VM, connects to the VM via communicator (see communicator subsection), and then prepares image by running scripts and actions defined in the provisioners section.  I’m using here two PowerShell scripts for installing IIS role and OS sysprepping at the end of customization. Also, packer automatically updates OS and restarts it if necessary (custom windows-update and built-in windows-restart provisioners)

{
    "variables": {
        "client_id": "service principal|id here",
        "client_secret": "service principal| secret here",
        "tenant_id": "AD tenant's id here",
        "subscription_id": "subscription's id here"
    },
    "builders": [
        {
            "type": "azure-arm",
            "client_id": "{{user `client_id`}}",
            "client_secret": "{{user `client_secret`}}",
            "tenant_id": "{{user `tenant_id`}}",
            "subscription_id": "{{user `subscription_id`}}",
            "os_type": "Windows",
            "image_publisher": "MicrosoftWindowsServer",
            "image_offer": "WindowsServer",
            "image_sku": "2019-Datacenter",
            "image_version": "latest",
            "managed_image_resource_group_name": "TestRG",
            "managed_image_name": "ws2019-iis",
            "disk_caching_type": "ReadWrite",
            "communicator": "winrm",
            "winrm_use_ssl": true,
            "winrm_insecure": true,
            "winrm_timeout": "20m",
            "winrm_username": "packer",
            "location": "West Europe",
            "vm_size": "Standard_A2_v2",
            "azure_tags": {
                "dept": "IT"
            }
        }
    ],
    "provisioners": [
        {
            "type": "powershell",
            "inline": [
                "Write-Host 'Configuring IIS Role and sysprepping...'"
            ]
        },
        {
            "type": "powershell",
            "script": "./scripts/iis-install.ps1"
        },
        {
            "type": "windows-update"
        },
        {
            "type": "windows-restart"
        },
        {
            "type": "powershell",
            "script": "./scripts/iis-sysprep.ps1"
        }
    ]
}

When you end up with the configuration file, run packer build and wait while customization steps finish. Packer’s basic steps for a build are:

  • Create a resource group.
  • Validate and deploy a VM template.
  • Execute provision – defined by the user; typically shell commands.
  • Power off and capture the VM.
  • Delete the resource group.
  • Delete the temporary VM’s OS disk.

As a result, image with the name defined in the managed_image_name option will be added to Azure Images service:

packer azure images

Scripts and other stuff will be available on my GitHub soon. Stay tuned.