S2D: disks don’t show up in the disk manager

When you configure S2D cluster with autoconfig=yes or using VMM, S2D creates storage pool with all disks of which parameter CanPool is True. For example, if you have 2 SSDs and 4 HDDs targeted to S2D and other 2 HDDs for system partitions (you plan to use mirrored volumes, for example), they all will be added to S2D pool (except of a system disk, of course, as it’s cannot be pooled).  All physical disks that are part of any pool,including Primordial pool, will not be shown in the disk manager (diskmgmt.msc) if they had been claimed by S2D subsystem. In that case, to make your disk available in the diskmgmt, you need to remove it from pool, rebuild virtual disks (if existed) and unclaim it from S2D. Use the steps below to get your disk back from pool:

#Get all available disks 

Get-PhysicalDisk|ft FriendlyName,SerialNumber,CanPool

#Variable for the disk that you want to remove from $pool

$disk=Get-PhysicalDisk -SerialNumber disk_serial_number
$pool=Get-StoragePool S2D*

#Set disk usage to Retired

$disk|Set-PhysicalDisk -Usage Retired

#Repair Virtual Volumes in the pool

Get-VirtualDisk | ft -AutoSize
Repair-VirtualDisk -FriendlyName "vdisk_name"

#Remove the disk from the pool.
#The disk will be added to the Primordial pool
#...but not be shown in the diskmgmt

Remove-PhysicalDisk $disk -StoragePool $pool

#Tell S2D cluster to not use the removed disk for pool purposes
#....make disk available in the diskmgmt

Set-ClusterS2DDisk -CanBeClaimed 0 -PhysicalDiskIds disk_id

#Optimize pool
Get-StoragePool $pool|Optimize-StoragePool

s2d disk claim

If you removed disk improperly from the pool, you might have the following status for the disk:

{Removing from Pool, Unrecognized Metadata)

Try to reset the physical disk and then disk will be shown in the diskmgmt as well.

Get-PhysicalDisk | ? OperationalStatus -eq "Unrecognized Metadata"|Reset-PhysicalDisk

s2d disk claim_2

P.S. if you add a new server to the S2D, its drives will be automatically added to the pool by default. You can change this behavior by setting AutoPool setting to False.

Get-StorageSubSystem Clu* | Set-StorageHealthSetting -Name “System.Storage.PhysicalDisk.AutoPool.Enabled” -Value False

s2d disk claim_3

12 thoughts on “S2D: disks don’t show up in the disk manager”

  1. Hi. I add a new logical drive on the same Array as my OS-disk (HPE p408e-p controller)
    I’ve already set the “..AutoPool.Enabled” to False, so the disk does not end up in the S2D-cluster. But it’s added to the Primordial pool, and therfore(?) not visible in diskmgmt.
    When I run “Set-ClusterS2DDisk -CanBeClaimed 0 -PhysicalDiskIds disk_id” I get an error:

    Set-ClusterS2DDisk : Physical disk with Id ’17b039…………………fd96b’ not found. Run cluster validation, includi
    ng the Storage Spaces Direct tests, to verify the configuration
    At line:1 char:1
    + Set-ClusterS2DDisk -CanBeClaimed 0 -PhysicalDiskIds 600……………..A18 …
    + ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo : ObjectNotFound: (MSCluster_StorageSpacesDirect:root/MSCLUSTER/…ageSpacesDirect) [Set-Cluste
    rStorageSpacesDirectDisk], CimException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : HRESULT 0x80070490,Set-ClusterStorageSpacesDirectDisk

    Set-ClusterS2DDisk : Failed to run CIM method SetStorageSpacesDirectDisk on the root/MSCLUSTER/MSCluster_StorageSpacesDirect
    CIM object. The CIM method returned the following error code: 1168
    At line:1 char:1
    + Set-ClusterS2DDisk -CanBeClaimed 0 -PhysicalDiskIds 600………………88A18 …
    + ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo : InvalidResult: (MSCluster_StorageSpacesDirect:String) [Set-ClusterStorageSpacesDirectDisk], C
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CimJob_SetStorageSpacesDirectDisk_1168,Set-ClusterStorageSpacesDirectDisk

    Any help appreciated

      1. Yes, the disks (there are 2, one on each host) are visble using Get-PhysicalDisk -CanPool 1
        The disks never were in the S2D-pool. only Primordial.
        It seems I can’t use “any” Set-PhysicalDisk command. I get error messages trying to change FriendlyName or Usage.
        I’m thinking there might be a bug with the “Mixed Mode” of the Storage Controller. But I’m only really guessing.
        The disk has the same serial number as the OS-disk, located on the same Storage Array. But the Uniqe ID is uniqe.

        1. Well, it could be a storage controller. In my case, all disks were connected via simple pass-through mode on the controller (as recommended for S2D). Serial numbers must not be the same. It’s illogical. Could you please write me using contact page? Just drop a test email. I’d like to discuss your issue. + As far as I know, Mixed Mode is still not supported by S2D.

  2. I was trying to find how to release disks from S2D so that it appear in Windows Disk Management, but none of the blogs have this. This one command below from Microsoft site, did just that.

    Set-ClusterStorageSpacesDirectDisk -CanBeClaimed:$False -PhysicalDiskIds serial_number

    PS C:\> Set-ClusterStorageSpacesDirectDisk -CanBeClaimed:$False -PhysicalDiskIds “55CD2E404B75A3FC”,”50014EE05950DD7C”

  3. PhysicalDiskIds parameter was replaced by PhysicalDisk and PhysicalDiskGuid.
    PhysicalDisk accepts values of CimInstance#MSFT_PhysicalDisk class (it is a class of output of Get-PhysicalDisk cmdlet),
    and PhysicalDiskGuid accepts GUID strings. These parameters cannot be used with each other.
    Also, it has a new Reset parameter (without value)
    There is also CacheUsage parameter, that accepts following values: NonHybrid, Capacity, Cache, Auto

    So, the syntax is following:

    Set-ClusterStorageSpacesDirectDisk -PhysicalDiskGuid [-CanBeClaimed ] [-Reset] [-CacheUsage {NonHybrid | Capacity | Cache | Auto}] [-CimSession ] [-ThrottleLimit ] [-AsJob] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] []

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